Paleolithic people are inclined to disturb the life in this society of nomadic hunters and gatherers have little control over the supply of food. Starting around 8000 BC, however, began to cultivate their own food, buy their animals, and to organize permanent communities. Although, like their predecessors, the people of Neolithic Palaeolithic (NEOS, which means "new" in greek), the stone used to build basic weapons and toll roads, agriculture and animal husbandry held for the remaining time more and work in other activities, such as the production of clay pots. Because of their size and weight made them difficult to implement, the clay pots are typical of communities in action.
Neolithic villages have made their first appearance in the Middle East, an area comprising about modern Turkey, Iraq and Iran. An example of the late Neolithic painted pottery of this region is a cup of Susa (Shush now in Iran) dating from c. 4000 a. C. The animal shapes contained in frontiers highly abstract pattern common to many works of art in this region. Decoration replaced naturalism to create drawings with beautiful stylized animals, as the thin band of dogs lying under a frieze of birds along elegant neck at the top of the glass, and great horned goat circular body composed of two curved triangles, that dominates the central part of large size. Unlike the Paleolithic representations of animals, which may represent attempts to control the animal kingdom, animals, domesticated now, seem simply to decorate the glass Neolithic.
Paleolithic peoples who created the cave paintings were hunters and gathers monadic. Culture Neolithic (New Stone Age), which first appeared in Middle East c. 8000 BC is characterized by a constant villages, household and aminals and crafts, as well as pottery and weaving. Very casual, stylized animal forms that represent the "Animal Style", and patterns of decoration in this cup of the Neolithic in Iran are generally workds ancient Near East. Ibex (a wild life jacket), an expanding, circular horns and the body is made up of two curved triangles, adorns the center of this ship. upper band is thin, long-necked birds, just below the band stretched to encircle the dog in a glass.
At the beginning of the Neolithic farming communities gradually developed into more complex societies in which systems of governance to a formal religion, and perhaps more importantly, for the first time in writing, which marked the end of prehistory and early history documented. Political structures, either clusters of independent city-governed state and central governments under a single director.
City-states of the Middle East, often fought among themselves. Furthermore, the lack of natural barriers in the region particularly vulnerable to attack. This war has often been almost constant work of art. Moreover, volatility has been unpredictable weather, floods, droughts, storms, and how the inhabitants of this troubled region. This, understandably tend to worry much about survival in this world – the conquest of the world, political instability and natural disasters.
Around the fourth millennium BC Sumerians inhabited southern Mesopotamia, a Greek place name means "land between the rivers", which are the Tigris and Euphrates. They invented the wheel and a kind of writing with a stylus, usually long reeds cut at an angle that was used for impressing signs on wet clay. Cuneiform, meaning "wedge" that describes the appearance of this writing has been deciphered, and our ability to read ancient Mesopotamian texts are the ancient art of the region more accessible to the viewer that modern art of prehistoric societies . Ancient Near East images tend to have clearly structured compositions, land line and readable narrative highlights the people, their history and their relationship with their gods and goddesses. All these properties allows us to interpret art easier than the cave paintings of prehistoric more elusive discussed earlier.
Neolithic village communities in the ancient Near East has gradually evolved into complex city-states, often politically unstable society, almost contstantly at war with Eastern peoples and other invaders. The war and victory are frequent causes of the ancient art of the Middle East. Here an inlaid panel on the side of the box can see an actual historic event that shows the consequences of war with a triumphant banquet scene in the upper register. Historical narrative and a clear, formal composition to distinguish this image of prehistoric rock paintings.
The town consists of several ancient Sumer were often at war with each other. The Standard of Ur is called a box of unknown function, which was in a real cemetery daggers, helmets and coats of arms of others. The picture shows scenes of war and peace, probably of specific historical episodes. Stylistically, the representations of the human form in the Standard of Ur is similar to those seen in other ancient cultures. Frontal and profile views are combined in one figure, with emphasis on the conceptual framework on the illusionist and the size of a figure directly corresponds to its size, type of Ur, the seat of the royal figure in the top row is larger than this date for it. More typical is the arrangement of figures in the bands. There is little duplication of forms, or any indication of a parameter, which gives a very dimensional. This simple presentation regimented figures contrast sharply with the informal arrangement of images in the prehistoric caves.
Senior Pastor a sacrificial Bull
One of the best-known successes in Mesopotamia are the construction and furnishing Ishtar Gate, originally one of the hall and the ancient city of Babylon (Iraq). Babylon was the political and cultural capital of Mesopotamia under Hammurabi, and in the late seventh century BC, the Assyrians and the fall – probably the most powerful people to dominate Mesopotamia and neighboring regions – the Babylonians established powers. The most famous ruler of the Neo-Babylonian period was Nebuchadnezzar II (reigned 604-562 BC), a famous director is mentioned in the Old Testament, which was responsible for building the tower of Babel and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Gate Ishtar, now reassembled in Berlin. Ishtar Gate and Processional Way lining the walls (via Gate), was faced with glazed bricks. sacred animals, including glazed tiles – among them, the lions, which are linked to the goddess Ishtar, and dragons, saints Marduk, patron god of Babylon – and the geometry of the cross decorated as well as Gate and the Processional Way. A little 'stylized forms of these animals and their rhythmic arrangement within ornamental borders, to commemorate the Neolithic vase Susa, we started with the discussion of art in the ancient Middle East.